Report states that African-Americans experience the condition at a higher rate than whites
The study, carried out in the US by Dr Monnica Williams, a mental health clinical psychologist and the associate director of the University of Louisville’s Center for Mental Health Disparities, proposes for changes to be made in the criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5).
DSM-5, a manual published by the American Psychiatric Association is used by psychiatric drug regulation agencies and clinicians around the world to provide a standardised criterion for the classification of mental disorders.
Previously, according to the research: “racism was recognised as a trauma that could potentially cause PTSD, but only in relation to a specific event.”
However, under the new definition, “the requirements for fear, helplessness, and horror have been removed, making room for the more lasting effects of subtle racism to be considered in the discussion of race-based traumas.”
Williams told the Huffington Post: “The problem is these things affect our self-esteem, because when we meet a micro-aggression or some sort of slight or assault, we don’t know if it’s because of our colour, because the attacks are not blatant anymore, or if it’s because of something about us.”
At present, African-Americans experience PTSD at a prevalence rate of 9.1 per cent compared to 6.8 per cent in non-Hispanic Whites.
Researchers found that African-Americans who reported experiences of racial discrimination had higher odds of suffering from generalised anxiety disorder.
It states that “one major factor in understanding PTSD in ethnoracial minorities is the impact of racism on emotional and psychological well-being.”
#RT via http://www.voice-online.co.uk via Matthew
Please come and join us during the day or in the evening.
Science Open day will be running from 11am – 6pm. You will be able to…
- See your brain waves recorded on an EEG machine
- Build a model of DNA to take home
- Have a go at some of our research tests
- Build a brain and learn about its structure
- Extract and see real DNA
- Find out about SGDP research
- Build your own DNA model using sweets (and then eat it!)
- Control a toy racing car using your brain waves
So please come and join us to…
- Come and find out all about our research on what makes you, you!
- Meet scientists and find out what they do
- Join in with some fun activities to explain and experience the science
The Art Exhibition evening view will be from 5pm – 7pm
Please RSVP to email@example.com 020 7848 0759
At kindred minds we are recruiting for a Co-facilitator for our BME Women’s Group.
We are looking for:
BME women’s group facilitators and organiser
A Co-facilitator to assist in running and developing some of our Kindred Minds activities, which will also include promoting the project around the borough amongst BME mental health service users in the community.
1 post – planning and preparing group in advance, running specifically themed groups, shopping, booking rooms, help set up and clear up, promote the group, attend training and support meetings with Project Manager.
The deadline for applications is 12th June with interviews the week beginning 17th June.
Kindred Minds – A Southwark Black and minority ethnic (BME), user-led mental health project.
Office based at: Cambridge House, 1 Addington Square, LondonSE5 0HF
Office tel: 020 7358 7029
Mobile: 07809 701 434 text or call us to receive messages of Kindred Minds events.
Facebook us: Kindred Minds
Current Kindred Minds Activities:
Kindred Minds Talkshop, a BME Men’s weekly discussion group every Saturday 6.30-8.30pm @ Inspire, The Crypt, St.Peter’s Church, Liverpool Grove, SE17 2HH
Kindred Minds PoP-In fortnightly drop-in space @ Cambridge House 4-6pm on: June 6th and 20th, July 4th and 18th, August 1st, 15th, 29th, September 12th and 26th, October 10th, 24th, November 7th and 21st and December celebration.
Kindred Minds Members Committee has been formed and is working on ideas for the coming year. If you’d like to be involved let us know.
June’s wellbeing bulletin is now available online at:
– UK child wellbeing: problems and progress
– Scale of mental health problems among students
– Resources for managers to help mental wellbeing at work
– Report from Centre for Mental Health on why girls join gangs
– Help us design a new wellbeing network logo for Lambeth and Southwark
– Funding for projects for young people aged 11-18
– Help promote cycling opportunities in Southwark
Conservative party chairman Grant Shapps has been caught using false statistics to back up the government’s welfare reforms, pointing to the wrong set of numbers to imply there were nearly a million benefit cheats.
In a Sunday Telegraph article from March, Shapps is quoted saying: “nearly 900,000 people who were on incapacity benefit dropped their claim to the payments, rather than undergo a tough medical test.”
It continues: “This is a new figure, nearly a million people have come off incapacity benefit… before going for the test. They take themselves off.”
However the UK Statistics Authority said the Tory chairman had “conflated” figures to get that total.
The figure of nearly one million Shapps quoted was in fact the number of new applicants to Employment and Support Allowance who had dropped claims between October 2008 and May 2012. They had not been awarded ESA.
The actual number people who were on incapacity benefit who dropped their claim to the payments was 20,000.
UKSA chair Andrew Dilnot, responding to MP Sheila Gilmore’s enquiry, said: “Having reviewed the article and the relevant figures, we have concluded that these statements appear to conflate official statistics relating to new claimants of the ESA with official statistics on recipients of the incapacity benefit (IB) who are being migrated across to the ESA.”
He goes on to answer Ms Gilmore’s further inquiry over why so many new applicants dropped their claims, questioning Shapps’ claim that applications for ESA were dropped because of the government’s ‘tough new test.’
He writes: “In your letter, you also expressed concern about the apparent implication in the Sunday Telegraph article that claims for ESA had been dropped because the individuals were never really ill in the first place. The statistical release does not address the issue of why cases were closed in great depth, but it does point to research undertaken by DWP which suggests that ‘an important reason why ESA claims in this sample were withdrawn or closed before they were fully assessed was because the person recovered and either returned to work, or claimed a benefit more appropriate to their situation’.”
Sheila Gilmore told the Huffington Post UK the letter “confirmed that Grant Shapps and the Tory press deliberately misused statistics on disability benefits.
“This is part of a campaign by the Conservatives to undermine public trust in welfare. It allows them to prioritise cutting benefits ahead of taxing the richest in their attempts to reduce the deficit. That’s why in the same year that disabled people hit by the Bedroom Tax are having their weekly income slashed by £14, 13,000 millionaires are getting a tax cut of £100,000.
“To counter this I’ve been calling for the Work and Pensions Select Committee – of which I’m a member – to question DWP Ministers on this issue. Hopefully then this practice of deliberately misusing benefit statistics will stop.”
In a rebuke to the chairman, the UKSA copied the letter to Iain Duncan Smith, Bernard Jenkin MP, and the Chair of the Work and Pensions Committee, Dame Anne Begg MP and to the National Statistician, Jil Matheson.
Iain Duncan Smith has already been criticised by the UKSA for misusing figures to promote the effectiveness of the coalition’s benefits cap on getting people into work. A petition calling on MPs to hold Duncan Smith’s use of statistics to account has now attracted more than 50,000 signatures.
David Cameron has also received a ticking-off from the official statistics watchdog over his claim that the Government was “paying down Britain’s debts”.
The Prime Minister’s assertion in the Conservative Party political broadcast sparked a furious complaint by Labour, which described his comments as “deliberately misleading” as the debt was actually rising.
Chair of the UK Statistics Authority Andrew Dilnot confirmed that public sector net debt has risen from £811 billion in 2010 when the coalition took office to £1.1 trillion at the end of last year.
Responding to Labour’s complaint, Mr Dilnot said it was important that politicians distinguished correctly between accumulated and annual public sector borrowing – which has come down under the coalition.
Grant Shapps’ office has not yet responded to a request for comment made by the Huffington Post UK.
#RT via http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk
By Lorna Stewart
Use of an avatar can help treat patients with schizophrenia who hear voices, a UK study suggests
The trial, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry, focused on patients who had not responded to medication.
Using customised computer software, the patients created avatars to match the voices they had been hearing.
After up to six therapy sessions most patients said their voice had improved. Three said it had stopped entirely.
The study was led by psychiatrist emeritus professor Julian Leff, who spoke to patients through their on-screen avatars in therapy sessions. Gradually he coached patients to stand up to their voices.
“The avatar gradually changes to saying, ‘all right I’ll leave you alone, I can see I’ve made your life a misery, how can I help you?’ And then begins to encourage them to do things that would actually improve their life.”
By the end of their treatment, patients reported that they heard the voices less often and that they were less distressed by them. Levels of depression and suicidal thoughts also decreased, a particularly relevant outcome-measure in a patient group where one in 10 will attempt suicide.
Treatment as usual
The trial, conducted by Prof Leff and his team from University College London, compared 14 patients who underwent avatar therapy with 12 patients receiving standard antipsychotic medication and occasional visits to professionals.
Later the patients in the second group were also offered avatar therapy.
Only 16 of the 26 patients completed the therapy. Researchers attributed the high drop-out rate to fear instilled in patients by their voices, some of which “threatened” or “bullied” them into withdrawing from the study.
New treatment options have been welcomed for the one in four patients with schizophrenia who does not respond to medication. Cognitive behaviour therapy can help them to cope but does not usually ease the voices.
“As our Schizophrenia Commission reported last year, people with the illness are currently being let down by the limited treatments available.
“While antipsychotic medication is crucial for many people, it comes with some very severe side effects. Our members would be extremely interested in the development of any alternative treatments.”
A larger trial featuring 142 patients is planned to start next month in collaboration with the King’s College London Institute of Psychiatry.
Prof Thomas Craig, who will lead the larger study, said: “The beauty of the therapy is its simplicity and brevity. Most other therapies for these conditions are costly and take many months to deliver.
“If we show that this treatment is effective, we expect it would be widely available in the UK within just a couple of years as the basic technology is well developed and many mental health professionals already have the basic therapy skills that are needed to deliver it.”
#RT via http://www.bbc.co.uk via Andrea
As readers of this blog will probably be aware, the Bethlem Archives and Museum is preparing to move in 2014. At present, the Museum is working on designs for the new permanent exhibition, and would like to ask TWIG Ops readers for feedback on a number of topics. This new series expands on previous Bethlem Blog posts (http://bethlemheritage.wordpress.com) around Curatorial Conversations, and each is linked to a short survey. Please do take five minutes to complete each questionnaire, as your answers will be vital in shaping the new Museum of the Mind.
The first topic we want to explore is what doors and windows mean to you. In their simplest architectural form, these items allow a view or movement from one space to another. Both can, however, mean a lot more to us symbolically, depending on such things as the type of door, whether it is open or closed, or its location.
The link below will take you to a short survey, in which you will be asked five questions about doors and windows as symbols. We will be very grateful for your feedback, all of which will be presented to the museum designers.
Time to Change hopes its model for raising awareness among primary care staff can be rolled out across the country
By Mary O’Hara
It seems like common sense that the first place someone with a health problem is likely to turn for help is their GP, who is expected to deal with them in an appropriate manner. For people with mental health problems, however, this isn’t necessarily the case. According to the anti-stigma campaign Time to Change (TTC), many people experiencing mental distress arrive at the GP surgery to find that primary care professionals are ill-equipped to deal with their needs. Sometimes the sheer volume of work GPs must contend with means there aren’t the resources available. But often a lack of awareness and training about mental health issues means patients do not receive the care and attention they need.
To tackle the issue, the organisation developed a pilot project to raise awareness among GPs, nurse practitioners and other primary care staff on how to improve their services. Launched in October 2012, the Time to Change Primary Care Project came to an end recently and, according to the practitioners and service users involved, has made considerable headway in changing attitudes among clinicians and support staff.
“I’ve had a lot of experiences with GPs’ surgeries,” says 25-year-old Rebecca David, who has been using mental health services for depression and anxiety since her teens and is involved with the TTC initiative. “Many times it just felt like box-ticking. I would be given forms to fill in [and] it didn’t feel like [doctors] were really listening. In some cases they are overwhelmed [with work] but that doesn’t make it okay.”
David, a musician who works as a freelance trainer for mental health charities, signed up to the TTC pilot to train GPs to better understand service users’ experiences. She took part in a number of 10-minute, one-to-one sessions with frontline staff (more than 500 health professionals participated in total) in practices in London, Liverpool and north Staffordshire. “In all the practices I went to, the GPs said they would aim to change the way they worked,” David said. “They realised that they could improve things without adding to their workload – really simple things like making sure people are signposted to community mental health services and simply listening. It often takes a lot of courage just to go and talk to a doctor and it’s not an exaggeration to say that if the service is poor it can have a profound effect on someone’s future.”
Sidney Millin, another “involvement worker” with the project, echoes David’s assessment, saying that while he encountered “some reluctance”, he too saw GPs and other staff react positively to being better informed. “A lot of time GP surgery staff have got this misconception that people with mental illnesses are always ill – they cannot communicate, they cannot speak and they cannot function normally. So this is kind of busting that myth.”
A former journalist, originally from Zimbabwe, Millin has bipolar disorder and has had some difficult interactions within primary care. He talks of how when learning of his diagnosis, one GP “had an alarmed look on her face” and kept the door to the consultation room open whenever he was there. “It was a time when I was not so comfortable talking about my diagnosis so I didn’t complain. But it made me feel bad.”
Alan Hollinghurst, a former head teacher and mental health service user involved in the project, says: “The aim of the project is to raise awareness about mental health within primary care. As a service user I feel I can speak with authority because I am actually telling my own story.” A few “small adjustments” can go a long way, he adds. “If [people] get treated right straight away it can make such a big difference to their recovery.”
An evaluation by the Institute of Psychiatry published in April showed a reduction overall in the stigma and discrimination experienced by people with mental illness but it also found that negative attitudes among health professionals had not improved. Sue Baker, director of Time to Change, says that while there is evidence of attitudes shifting across society, “there is not the same rate of change among health professionals”. The pilot project (it has an online resource that GPs can access too) is an attempt to provide “a tailored intervention” that recognises how “people with lived experience” can work with primary care staff to bring about improvements. “GPs have been openly saying they don’t get enough training on [mental health]. There is definitely an appetite for this.”
According to Baker, one of the main advantages borne out by the pilot was that change was achievable without being “burdensome” to overstretched professionals. Feedback following the pilot found that while 46% of GPs said they were confident about identifying the signs of mental illness before the training, this jumped to 64% afterwards. In addition, 64% said they were better equipped to make adjustments so that people with mental health difficulties could access their practice as opposed to just 41% before.
Baker says TTC has been “working closely” with the Royal College of General Practitioners and is hoping the model used during the pilot can be rolled out around the country. It is especially important, she suggests, because GPs are reporting that more people are coming to them with mental health problems. Dr Catherine Roe, one of the GPs who participated in the initiative, says at first she and her colleagues were “intrigued” by the idea of 10-minute sessions but that they were impressed from the start. “We were able to fit it into our normal working day which was a great help. If they wanted to, I could see this being rolled out to other primary care settings,” she adds. “The point to really stress is that most mental health problems are dealt with within primary care and we don’t always do it very well.”
Roe says more people with mental health problems have visited her surgery in recent months, making it more important to be attuned to individual needs. Another GP, Dr David Abraham, agrees: “Mental health problems are a major part of our workload and unfortunately in this part of the world, and at these economic times, and for all sorts of reasons, we have an increasing workload related to mental health.”
He adds: “It is difficult for some people to use the practice when their mental health is not so good and we don’t always consider that as much as we would like to. If the atmosphere in the practice is universally accommodating and understanding then it’s likely the outcomes for the patients will be better.”
#RT via http://www.guardian.co.uk
Thank you very much for offering to help recruit participants for our Healthtalkonline module for parents and carers of young people who have self-harmed.
I’m attaching the electronic version of our Participant Information leaflet, and the summary of the project for clinicians, which give details of what is involved. I’m also attaching the flyer advertising the project. We want to recruit parents and carers of young people up to the age of 25 who have self-harmed, in the hope that their experiences will be helpful to other people in a similar position, and also to clinicians involved in their care. We usually interview people in their own homes, or somewhere else if they prefer – we have a recording room in Oxford where we have done some of the filming and can pay travel expenses. Participants can choose how they want their story portrayed on the website – video, audio, or anonymous text.
We give contact details for me and the Health Experiences Research Group – when people express an interest we send them the Participant Information leaflet and a reply slip for them to return so I can then answer any questions and arrange an interview.
We are especially keen to recruit men and parents of boys as most of the people interviewed so far are mothers of girls. We would also like to hear the experiences of people from different ethnic groups, but this is proving more of a challenge.We have an ad for the study on the Department of Psychiatry website: http://www.psych.ox.ac.uk/volunteer/young-people-and-self-harm-study
Thank you so much for your help. Do let me know if you need any more information.
University of Oxford
Department of Psychiatry
OXFORD OX3 7JX
Hear Us would be delighted if you were able to come along and find out more about the issues affecting people who struggle with mental health issues from BME communities, or give us your views/experiences on this subject.
As you are aware, Croydon is a hugely diverse Borough, and there are a large number of people from BME communities struggling with mental health issues and a disproportionality small number who access services –
WE NEED TO KNOW WHY
SO IF YOU ARE A SERVICE USER FROM A BLACK AND MINORITY ETHNIC COMMUNITY OR YOU CARE FOR OR HELP SUPPORT PEOPLE IN THIS GROUP – WE WANT YOU TO SUPPORT THIS MEETING.
IF YOU HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY MENTAL HEALTH STIGMA OR CARE FOR SOMEONE/SUPPORT SOMEONE WHO HAS – WE WANT YOU TO SUPPORT THIS MEETING
WE HOPE THAT THE CARRIBEAN LUNCH WILL HELP YOU DECIDE TO JOIN US!
If you are unable to attend, but are able to advertise the poster to your colleagues, friends, clients, patient and anyone with an interest in mental health (and challenging mental health discrimination/stigma) we would be really grateful
1pm, JUNE 4TH at the CVA West Croydon (opposite Lidl – 82 London Road, CR0 2TB)
PS. HARD COPIES OF THE ‘MIND THE GAP’ REPORT available at this meeting
In yet another massive blow to workfare, Argos – which has 740 stores nationwide –appears to have pulled out of workfare.
Argos had previously boasted that it was using workfare to cover its busiest period at Christmas. In at least one store, workfare workers were doing ten hours a week more than paid staff. That they have now pulled out is a testament to the strength of feeling amongst the general public and shows the results we can get when we keep up the pressure!
It gets better. Remember how Homebasewere exposed for using 25 workfare placements in one store and boasting about it? How we heard some people’s paid hours were cut from 48 a week down to 8 as a result? They faced such a huge response from the public that they took their Facebook Page down repeatedly. People protested at their stores across the UK. Now, they too, have apparently stopped using workfare. Their statementis full of doublespeak, but people protesting during the bank holiday at the store where the story emerged were told by the manager that the last workfare workers finished on Friday and they won’t be using any more.
These companies were saving thousands on their wages bill by exploiting the unemployed. This, despite the fact that the CEO of Home Retail Group – which owns Argos and Homebase – was paid £1.1 million last year. They didn’t ditch workfare out of the goodness of their hearts: it’s clear that your actions are making a massive difference, taking two big scalps! Please keep an eye on your local stores to check they don’t slip back into workfare when the pressure eases off.
There are still many scalps waiting to be taken – a list of which, unless the government manages to find a way out of it, it will now be compelled to reveal soon. One such example is retail chain B&M Stores, which was awarded a prize for its work with Work Programme provider Ingeus. While the award talks about the people who have been given jobs after their stint of unpaid work, it seems existing staff are having their hours cut as workfare is brought in.
If workfare is one side of the coin, then sanctions are the other. Without the threat of sanctions forcing people to undertake workfare, these schemes could not exist. To underline this harsh fact, last weekit was revealed in research by London Assembly and Green Party member Jenny Jones, that one in three people in London and the Home Counties sent to Mandatory Work Activity was sanctioned. Another reason to challenge the London Mayor’s workfare scheme, which forces young people to work without pay from the first day they sign on.
With your support this campaign will continue to take action action against the businesses, charity groups or organisations exploiting jobseekers and the disabled through workfare, as well as those forcing people into workfare via sanctions. After all, it’s not only basic morality, it’s basic common sense. Workfare makes everyone poorer. It’s up to us to stop it, and as these successes show, together we can do it – and we are!
The Maudsley Charity fundraising team invites you to:
A showcase of creativity and wellbeing
When: Wednesday 19 June, 6.30 pm – 9.00 pm
Where: ORTUS learning and events centre, 82 – 96 Grove Lane, SE5 8SN
RSVP: firstname.lastname@example.org or call 020 7848 3053
Join the Maudsley Charity fundraising team for an evening of talks and performances, and find out more about a selection of projects supported by Maudsley Charity and how they benefit both service users and the community.
Showcasing on the night:
- The Dragon Café
- Sydenham Garden Project
- Side Effects the new book by Andrew Voyce
- Peer Support Project
- ORTUS learning and events centre
- The Switch I TimeBank
Be one of the first to tour ORTUS learning and events centre which opens at the beginning of June. Enjoy wandering around the centre, learning more about each of the projects, whilst enjoying summer refreshments, nibbles and performances from South London and Maudsley’s Mind & Soul Choir.
Places are free but limited so secure yours now. RSVP to email@example.com or call 020 7848 3053.
Former soldiers with severe injuries are losing their benefits and being told they are fit to work
When former Lance-Corporal Mark Dryden walked in to be assessed for the new incapacity benefit, the doctor asked him if he was right-handed. If it was a joke, it was lost on the soldier, whose right arm was blown off in Iraq by a roadside bomb that killed a close friend. Eight years after being promised that Britain would honour its duty to him as an amputee war veteran, Mr Dryden, 35, who has severely limited use of his other arm and post-traumatic stress disorder, was told his benefit was being withdrawn because he was considered fit for work.
“If I am fit for work, why can’t I join the Army again?” said the former non-commissioned officer in the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. “When they said I had to go back to work, I had an anxiety attack, the depression sank back in. When it [the injury] happened I felt let down by the Army, not my unit or my mates, but the military and now I feel let down by the Government.
“It is not that I am idle. I would love to work – be a plumber or a joiner – but I physically can’t.”
Those once entitled to incapacity benefit must now be reassessed for employment and support allowance (ESA) and severely injured veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan are being told they have to undergo tests. Injured soldiers insist it makes a mockery of David Cameron’s promise to “respect and revere” veterans with special treatment.
“People in the military don’t get an easier ride than anybody else,” said Michael Ivatt, of the Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen and Families Association, who suggested that servicemen and women were pushing themselves through the pain barrier to complete tasks, only to find it meant they were “fit for work” and no longer eligible for benefits.
This month, Greg Wood, a former Royal Navy doctor, resigned from Atos, saying the system was “unfair and skewed against the claimant”. Atos, which carries out the assessments for the Department for Work and Pensions, has been criticised by campaigners but insists it operates a professional and compassionate service.
For Mr Dryden, who has no index finger, being told to pick up a £1 coin by the Atos healthcare practitioner was humiliating. He said having to go cap in hand for benefits made him feel like “scum”, adding: “It was utterly degrading. He asked if I was right handed and when I said, ‘Do you see a right hand on my body?” he said, ‘I’ll take that as a no’.”
“Once we are no use to them, they just turn their backs. They don’t want to know,” agreed former Sgt Jean Reno, 39, who has also been told his benefit is being withdrawn as he is fit for work despite severe brain injuries that have left him with no short-term memory, double vision, anxiety attacks, pain, an inability to focus for long periods and depression.
After 16 years in the Royal Artillery and tours of Northern Ireland, Bosnia and Afghanistan, Sgt Reno returned from Iraq in 2005 with depression and alcohol problems. He crashed his car and suffered multiple fractures and brain damage. “I served Queen and country and was willing to make the ultimate sacrifice fighting all their conflicts. Now in my time of need they have just turned their back. If it hadn’t been for the military charities I would probably be on the street,” he said. “We just want recognition for what we have done, serving our country.”
Mr Dryden applied for incapacity benefit after being advised by a social worker that he would need it to make national insurance payments towards a pension. Along with Mr Reno, he is taking his case to tribunal but it could take months. A spokesman for the DWP said more severely disabled people were being given long-term support, adding: “We owe the men and women who have served their country a huge debt of gratitude. We will do everything to help them to find work or make sure they get benefits.”
Atos rejected criticsm of its work capability assessments, saying: “We have a large team of fully trained doctors, nurses and physiotherapists who provide a professional and compassionate service.”
#RT via http://www.independent.co.uk/via Matthew
What happens when the rational mind and the feeling body have different opinions?
This short play is based on the work of Yalom, Nietzche and the many clients that Alyson Coleman & Kate McCormack have encountered in 16 years of working as Dramatherapists
followed by a panel discussion on therapeutic engagement by consultant arts therapists.
Free SLAM NHS event and networking opportunity with hospitality as part of
London Creativity and Wellbeing Week
Maudsley Learning’s ORTUS Learning & Events Venue, SE5
Date: 20th June 2013
Time: 6 – 8:30pm – Booking essential
Contact: Clair Rees – Arts Therapies Events Co-ordinator
Tel: 07429 936508